Human Activity Recognition using Inertial and Stretch Sensors: Enhancing Performance with a Deep Learning Network Incorporating Aggregation Residual Transformation.

Jackson Harper, Madison Sinclair

Abstract: With the rise of artificial intelligence, sensor-based human activity recognition (S-HAR) is increasingly being employed in healthcare monitoring for the elderly, fitness tracking, and patient rehabilitation using smart devices. Inertial sensors have been commonly used for S-HAR, but wearable devices have been demanding more comfort and flexibility in recent years. Consequently, there has been an effort to incorporate stretch sensors into S-HAR with the advancement of flexible electronics technology. This paper presents a deep learning network model, utilizing aggregation residual transformation, that can efficiently extract spatial–temporal features and perform activity classification. The efficacy of the suggested model was assessed using the w-HAR dataset, which included both inertial and stretch sensor data. This dataset was used to train and test five fundamental deep learning models (CNN, LSTM, BiLSTM, GRU, and BiGRU), along with the proposed model. The primary objective of the w-HAR investigations was to determine the feasibility of utilizing stretch sensors for recognizing human actions. Additionally, this study aimed to explore the effectiveness of combining data from both inertial and stretch sensors in S-HAR. The results clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in enhancing HAR using inertial and stretch sensors. The deep learning model we presented achieved an impressive accuracy of 97.68%. Notably, our method outperformed existing approaches and demonstrated excellent generalization capabilities.

Keywords: human activity recognition; inertial sensor; stretch sensor; low-power wearable device; deep residual learning network